1735: The second President of the United States, John Adams, was born in Braintree, Massachusetts.
1921: The silent film classic ‘The Sheik’, starring Rudolph Valentino, premiered in Los Angeles.
1938: The radio play “ War of the Worlds ” with Orson Welles, aired on CBS.
1961: The Congress of the Soviet Party unanimously approved a resolution ordering the removal of the body of Joseph Stalin from Lenin’s grave.
1975: The new Jack Rabbit bus lines terminal has opened at 423 N. Main St. in Aberdeen. Previously, the bus terminal was located in the old Milwaukee depot on North Main.
1517: Martin Luther displayed his 95 theses on the door of the Wittenberg Palace Church, marking the start of the Protestant Reformation in Germany.
1926: Magician Harry Houdini died in Detroit of gangrene and peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix.
1941: Work was completed on the Mount Rushmore National Memorial, which began in 1927.
1959: A former US Navy came to the US Embassy in Moscow to declare that he was renouncing his US citizenship in order to be able to live in the Soviet Union. His name: Lee Harvey Oswald.
1968: President Lyndon B. Johnson has ordered a halt to all US bombing raids on North Vietnam, saying he hopes for successful peace negotiations.
1992: Pope John Paul II has officially proclaimed that the Roman Catholic Church erred in condemning astronomer Galileo Galileo for arguing that Earth is not the center of the universe.
1512: Michelangelo’s newly completed paintings on the ceiling of the Vatican Sistine Chapel have been publicly unveiled by the artist’s patron, Pope Julius II.
1870: The United States Weather Bureau made its first weather observations.
1936: In a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an “axis” between Rome and Berlin.
1950: Two Puerto Rican nationalists attempted to break into Blair House in Washington, DC, in a failed attempt to assassinate President Harry S. Truman. (One of the two was killed, along with a White House police officer.)
1968: The Motion Picture Association of America unveiled its new voluntary film rating system: G for general, M for mature (later changed to GP, then PG), R for restricted, and X (later changed to NC-17 ) for adults only.
1991: Arlette Schweitzer and her daughter Krista from Aberdeen appeared on ABC’s “Good Morning America” show. Arlette Schweitzer was the first American woman to bear a baby for her own daughter who could not get pregnant.
2012: A man snatched a $ 30,000 gold and diamond bracelet from Riddle’s Jewelry at Lakewood Mall in Aberdeen and fled with it.
1889: North Dakota and South Dakota became the 39th and 40th states.
1948: President Harry S. Truman surprised pundits by winning a slight upheaval against Republican challenger Thomas E. Dewey.
1959: Former game show contestant Charles Van Doren admitted to a House subcommittee that he received questions and answers ahead of time when he appeared on NBC’s “Twenty-One” .
2002: President George W. Bush called Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein a “dangerous man” with ties to terrorist networks, and said UN inspections for weapons of mass destruction were essential.
1911: The Chevrolet Motor Car Co. was founded in Detroit by Louis Chevrolet and William C. Durant.
1957: The Soviet Union put Sputnik 2, the second man-made satellite, into orbit; a dog on board named Laika was sacrificed in the experiment.
1968: Artz Camera donated the country’s first eight-track cartridge player / recorder, a holiday staple that year. The eight tracks allow users to record the music of their choice and play it later in their car.
2005: Former Vice President Dick Cheney’s chief of staff, I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby, has pleaded not guilty to an indictment of five counts in the CIA leak case. Libby was found guilty, but President George W. Bush commuted his sentence to 30 months in prison.
1924: Nellie T. Ross of Wyoming was elected the country’s first female governor to serve the remaining term of her late husband, William B. Ross.
1952: Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president, defeating Democrat Adlai Stevenson.
1952: The top secret National Security Agency has emerged.
1974: Johnny Cash with June Carter Cash, Anita Carter and Cash’s daughters Roseanne and Rosie, performed in concert at the Aberdeen Civic Arena. It was Johnny Cash’s only appearance in South Dakota that year. Tickets were $ 5 up front, $ 6 at the door.
1980: Ronald Reagan won the White House by largely defeating President Jimmy Carter.
2008: Democrat Barack Obama was elected the first black president of the United States, defeating Republican John McCain.
2014 : Dennis Daugaard was re-elected governor and Kristi Noem was re-elected to represent South Dakota in the United States House of Representatives. Former Governor Mike Rounds won Tim Johnson’s seat in the US Senate. About 54 percent of Brown County voters turned out to vote.
1605: The ‘Gunpowder Plot’ failed because Guy Fawkes was seized before he could blow up the English Parliament.
1872: Suffragist Susan B. Anthony defied the law by attempting to vote for President Ulysses S. Grant. (Anthony was convicted by a judge and fined $ 100, but she never paid the fine.)
1940: President Franklin D. Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term by defeating Republican challenger Wendell L. Willkie.
nineteen eighty one : Andre the Giant, Jesse Ventura, Greg Gagné and The Sheik were among 12 professional wrestlers competing in an All-Star Wrestling extravaganza at Civic Arena in Aberdeen.
1992: Malice Green, a black motorist, has died after being hit on the head 14 times with a flashlight by Detroit cop Larry Nevers outside a suspected crack house. (Nevers and his partner, Walter Budzyn, were convicted of second degree murder, but the convictions were overturned; they were later convicted of manslaughter.)
2009: A shooting at the army post at Fort Hood in Texas left 13 dead; Major Nidal Hasan, an army psychiatrist, has been charged with premeditated murder and attempted murder.